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To what extent do fiscal regimes equalize opportunities for income acquisition among citizens?
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To what extent do fiscal regimes equalize opportunities for income acquisition among citizens?

This paper employs the theory of equality of opportunity, described in Roemer’s book (Equality of Opportunity, Harvard University Press, 1998), to compute the extent to which tax-and-transfer regimes in 11 countries equalize opportunities among citizens for income acquisition. Roughly speaking, equality of opportunity for incomes has been achieved in a country when it is the case that the distributions of post-fisc income are the same for different types of citizen, where a citizen’s type is defined by the socio-economic status of his parents. Intuitively, a country will have equalized opportunity if the chances of earning high (or low) income are equal for citizens from all family backgrounds. Of course, pre-fisc income distributions, by type, will not be identical, as long as the educational system does not entirely make up for the disadvantage that children, who come from poor families face, but the tax-and-transfer system can play a role in rectifying that inequality. We include, in our computation, two numbers that summarize the extent to which each country’s current fiscal regime achieves equalization of opportunities for income, and the deadweight loss that would be incurred by moving to the regime that does.
Forfattere John E Roemer
Rolf Aaberge
Ugo Colombino
Johan Fritzell
Stephen P Jenkins
Arnaud Lefranc
Ive Marx
Marianne Page
Evert Pommer
Javier Ruiz-Castillo
Maria Jesus San Segundo
Torben Tranaes, SFI
Alain Trannoy
Gert G Wagner
Ignacio Zubiri
Udgivelsesmåned Marts 2003
Publiceret i Journal of Public Economics
Sprog Dansk
Sidetal 27

Denne publikation hører under Børn, unge og familie, Samfund og sammenhængskraft
emneord: Familiebaggrund, Ulighed, Social arv

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